Everyday Victim Blaming

challenging institutional disbelief around domestic & sexual violence and abuse

Child Sexual Exploitation – Groundhog Day

Child Sexual Exploitation is in the news again – the media are over-run with commentators who are wringing their hands, apologising, claiming that they’re not sure how they didn't know, telling us that work is in progress to ‘remove this vile scourge’ from our communities. But what are we actually doing? We've looked over a series of reports on Child Sexual Exploitation in the last months and years, and today we have combined this knowledge so we understand just how many recommendations there are around this issue.

The National Working Group provides a summary report reviewing the recommendations from reports into child sexual abuse and exploitation, and this was last updated in October 2014.  The NWG data comes from this series of reports:

House of Commons Home Affairs Committee on CSE and the response to localised grooming. Second Report of Session 2013-2014

Barnardo’s – Puppet on a string 

Barnardo’s – Running away from hate to what you think is love: The Relationship between Running away and CSE 

Coventry LSCB – Final Overview Report of Serious Case Review re Daniel Pelka – Sept 2013 

NWG Network – Shine A Light 

Home Office – Missing Children and Adults: A Cross Government Strategy 

Child exploitation and Online Protection Centre (CEOP) – Out of Mind, Out of Sight 

Office of the Children's Commissioner (OCC) -“Sex without consent, I suppose that is rape”: How young people in England understand sexual consent – November 2013 

OCC – ‘Pornography is Everywhere’ 

OCC – CSE G and and Group Research (CSEGG) Accelerated Report 

OCC – CSEGG Interim Report 

OCC – CSEGG Final Report 

Unheard Voices-The Sexual Exploitation of Asian Girls and Women – September 2013 

Health Working group Report on Child Sexual Exploitation- January 2014 

Operation Kern 

Report of the Parliamentary Inquiry into the Effectiveness of Legislation for Tackling Child Sexual Exploitation and Trafficking within the UK 

Report on review of ways to reduce distress of victims in trials of sexual violence 

Independent Inquiry into the Sexual Exploitation in Rotherham 2014 

Barnardo’s - The Sexual Exploitation of Boys and Young Men 

Manifesto for Missing People: Calls to Action for the Next Government 

PACE Reports - ‘The Relational Safeguarding Model” and ‘Parents as Partners in Safeguarding Children’ 

University of Bedfordshire ‘Its Wrong but You Get Used to it’ 

University of Bedfordshire Evaluation of Barnardo’s Safe Accommodation Project •

The Scottish Report on Tackling Child Sexual Exploitation in Scotland 2014

The NWG report splits the recommendations for particular professional services or organisations, and as of October 2014, there were a total of 233 recommendations linked to the sexual abuse and exploitation of children. We've listed these below:

Education – 30 recommendations

Government – 72 recommendations

Health – 26 recommendations

Local Safeguarding Children's Board(s) – 70 recommendations

Police – 35 recommendations

Although the NWG report gives an overview of the recommendations contained within these reports, we have another series of reports that we refer to, or use in our day-to-day practice. These reports are not included in the total from the NWG report above.

Carlene Firmin - This is it, this is my life: 5 recommendations

Howard league - Criminalising of sexually exploited girls: 7 recommendations

Ofsted Thematic Inspection – The sexual exploitation of children, it couldn’t happen here, could it? 25 recommendations

Serious Case Review Oxford Safeguarding Children’s Board Child N: 3 recommendations

Serious Case Review Oxford Safeguarding Children’s Board Child H: 3 recommendations

Serious Case Review Oxford Safeguarding Children’s Board Children A-F: 13 recommendations

Christie - The Child Sexual Exploitation Service and Missing children service for young people in Stoke-on-Trent: 25 recommendations

Serious Case Review Rochdale Safeguarding Children’s Board Young People 1-6: 5 multi-agency recommendations plus 103 (I counted!) recommendations for individual, different agencies

Ann Coffey Manchester Real Voices – 87 recommendations

APPG For Runaway & Missing children 2012 – report into children who go missing from care – 31 recommendations

Southgate – Seeing Differently; working with girls affected by gangs: 9 recommendations

Total number of recommendations from these reports: 343

Grand Total Number of Recommendations from NWG Report (October 2014) and the reports listed above -


Five Hundred and Seventy Six recommendations related to sexual abuse and exploitation of children in a series of reports published within the last 10 years – the majority of these have been published in the last 5 years.

Some of these recommendations will be duplicated; some of them will be appropriate to particular localities. What they have in common is that they are an action that should be implemented in order to reduce the risk of harm to both children who have been sexually abused and/or exploited, and those at risk of such abuse.

How did we reach this point? How is it possible to implement such a large number of recommendations, without agencies working together - not just within a particular locality, but across the whole of the UK? How is it possible to keep track of the progress of implementation of these recommendations and monitor the improvement in  outcomes that these recommendations should result in? We do not believe that it is possible to ignore the cuts that have had to be absorbed by local government under the austerity regime, nor ignore the racist culture across society, where only cases involving men of Pakistani origin are widely reported; nor is it possible to ignore the wider societal issues of inequality as a cause and a consequence of violence against women and children.

In the words of a participant in the Office of the Children's Commissioner report - If Only Someone Had Listened. Maybe we need to ask the Children's Minister, Edward Timpson MP, when he will start?

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One thought on “Child Sexual Exploitation – Groundhog Day

  • Hecuba says:

    In reality there are far more reports than these going back decades and decades and their subject is always the same – namely ‘the shocking discovery that male sexual predation upon female children is rife and what can we men in political power do about this?’ Answer nothing because men do not want their pseudo male sex right to female children and adult women to be curbed/eliminated.

    Unthinkable by Kris Hollingworth documents the numerous reports going back decades concerning systemic male sexual predation upon female children and the ongoing refusal of male controlled local authorities; male controlled central governments and male controlled social services to actually do anything to curb male sexual predation on female children.

    One example from Unthinkable – most local authorities contract out care homes for female children who are viewed by Social Services as ‘deviant; difficult; because contracting out these homes to private individuals/companies saves local authorities being responsible. Male sexual predators know where these care homes are located and the male sexual predators commonly target the female children housed in these homes. It is an open secret and still nothing is done by local authorities or central government to place care homes under local authority responsibility – not private companies/individuals.

    Read Unthinkable because the author provides evidence that the men in political power have never ever cared about protecting female children from male sexual predators because that would mean holding men to account. It would also mean taking an in-depth look at how and why innumerable men and boys believe it is their male pseudo sex right to sexually prey on women and girls.

    Individual female Social workers continue to be denied any real power to support and protect female children because the ones with the real power – that is the male managers and the male administrators do not want real change to occur, since this would mean supporting and protecting those female children these men believe are ‘worthless and/or non-human!’ Individual female Social Workers continue to be expected to deal with too many cases and when these Social Workers cannot help the female children they not the male in political power are blamed.

    So Male Supremacist System remains intact and the ‘great and good men’ continue to utter worthless platitudes because these ‘great and good men’ have no intention whatsoever of enacting real change and eliminating real male power over women and girls.

    I predict numerous more reports will be commissioned on a regular basis and the ‘great and good men will as usual wring their hands and claim ‘it was culture’ not us which is to blame and nothing will change. Male sexual predation on female children and adult women is a male sex right and this is why the men in political power do not want to hear what is really happening.